Macaulay, Thomas Babington, barón Macaulay de Rothley

(25 oct. 1800, Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, Inglaterra–28 dic. 1859, Campden Hill, Londres).

Político, historiador y poeta inglés. Mientras ejercía su cátedra en la Universidad de Cambridge, Macaulay publicó el primero de sus ensayos, sobre John Milton (1825), con el que alcanzó la fama en forma casi inmediata. Después de ingresar al parlamento en 1830, cobró renombre como un destacado orador. A partir de 1834 trabajó en el Consejo Supremo de India, apoyó la igualdad de europeos e indios ante la ley, e inauguró un sistema nacional de educación. A su regreso a Inglaterra en 1838, volvió a ingresar al parlamento. Publicó Lays of Ancient Rome [Trovas de la Roma antigua] (1842) y Ensayos de crítica e historia (1843) antes de retirarse de la vida pública y de empezar su magnífica Historia de Inglaterra, 5 vol. (1849–61), que cubre el período 1688–1702, estableciendo una interpretación whig (liberal) de la historia inglesa que influiría en generaciones posteriores.

Thomas Macaulay, detalle de una pintura al óleo de J. Partridge, 1840; National Portrait ...
Courtesy of The National Portrait Gallery, London

Enciclopedia Universal. 2012.

Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron Macaulay of Rothley — born Oct. 25, 1800, Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, Eng. died Dec. 28, 1859, Campden Hill, London English politician, historian, and poet. While a fellow at Cambridge University, Macaulay published the first of his essays, on John Milton (1825),… …   Universalium

  • Macaulay, Thomas Babington, Baron Macaulay — (1800 1859)    Born at Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, son of the philanthropist Zachary Macaulay, he was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he won the English prize for a poem in 1819 ( Pompeii ) and in 1821 ( Evening ). Called to the …   British and Irish poets

  • Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay — Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay, PC (25 October 1800 ndash; 28 December 1859) was a nineteenth century British poet, historian and Whig politician and one of the two Members of Parliament for Edinburgh. He wrote extensively as an… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1. Baron Macaulay of Rothley — Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1. Baron Macaulay of Rothley, (* 25. Oktober 1800 in Rothley Temple, Leicestershire; † 28. Dezember 1859 in Kensington) war ein britischer Historiker, Dichter und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Babington Macaulay — Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1. Baron Macaulay of Rothley, (* 25. Oktober 1800 in Rothley Temple, Leicestershire; † 28. Dezember 1859 in Kensington) war ein englischer Historiker, Dichter und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Literatur 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Macaulay, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron — ▪ English politician and author Introduction in full  Thomas Babington Macaulay, Baron Macaulay of Rothley  born October 25, 1800, Rothley Temple, Leicestershire, England died December 28, 1859, Campden Hill, London  English Whig (Whig and Tory)… …   Universalium

  • Macaulay — (spr. mǟckaolĕ), Thomas Babington, Lord M. of Rothley, berühmter engl. Geschichtschreiber, geb. 25. Okt. 1800 zu Rothley Temple in der Grafschaft Leicester als Sohn eines aus Schottland stammenden Kaufmanns, gest. 28. Dez. 1859, studierte in… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Macaulay —   [mə kɔːlɪ],    1) Dame (seit 1958) Emilie Rose, englische Schriftstellerin, * Rugby 1. 8. 1881, ✝ London 30. 10. 1958; griff in ihren kulturkritischen, meist satirischen Romanen Fortschrittsglauben und Kulturoptimismus der englischen… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • baron — /bar euhn/, n. 1. a member of the lowest grade of nobility. 2. (in Britain) a. a feudal vassal holding his lands under a direct grant from the king. b. a direct descendant of such a vassal or his equal in the nobility. c. a member of the House of …   Universalium

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